Activity IdActivity NameActivity WeightingDetailsActivity DescriptionFull Specifications
IA_AHE_1Engagement of New Medicaid Patients and Follow-upHigh
Details
Seeing new and follow-up Medicaid patients in a timely manner, including individuals dually eligible for Medicaid and Medicare. A timely manner is defined as within 10 business days for this activity.Read More
IA_AHE_3Promote Use of Patient-Reported Outcome ToolsHigh
Details
Demonstrate performance of activities for employing patient-reported outcome (PRO) tools and corresponding collection of PRO data such as the use of PQH-2 or PHQ-9, PROMIS instruments, patient reported Wound-Quality of Life (QoL), patient reported Wound Outcome, and patient reported Nutritional Screening.Read More
IA_AHE_2Leveraging a QCDR to standardize processes for screeningMedium
Details
Participation in a QCDR, demonstrating performance of activities for use of standardized processes for screening for social determinants of health such as food security, employment and housing. Use of supporting tools that can be incorporated into the certified EHR technology is also suggested.Read More
IA_AHE_4Leveraging a QCDR for use of standard questionnairesMedium
Details
Participation in a QCDR, demonstrating performance of activities for use of standard questionnaires for assessing improvements in health disparities related to functional health status (e.g., use of Seattle Angina Questionnaire, MD Anderson Symptom Inventory, and/or SF-12/VR-12 functional health status assessment).Read More
IA_AHE_5MIPS Eligible Clinician Leadership in Clinical Trials or CBPRMedium
Details
MIPS eligible clinician leadership in clinical trials, research alliances or community-based participatory research (CBPR) that identify tools, research or processes that can focuses on minimizing disparities in healthcare access, care quality, affordability, or outcomes.Read More
IA_AHE_6Provide Education Opportunities for New CliniciansHigh
Details
MIPS eligible clinicians acting as a preceptor for clinicians-in-training (such as medical residents/fellows, medical students, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, or clinical nurse specialists) and accepting such clinicians for clinical rotations in community practices in small, underserved, or rural areas.Read More
IA_BE_1Use of certified EHR to capture patient reported outcomesMedium
Details
In support of improving patient access, performing additional activities that enable capture of patient reported outcomes (e.g., home blood pressure, blood glucose logs, food diaries, at-risk health factors such as tobacco or alcohol use, etc.) or patient activation measures through use of certified EHR technology, containing this data in a separate queue for clinician recognition and review.Read More
IA_BE_10Participation in a QCDRMedium
Details
Participation in a QCDR, that promotes implementation of patient self-action plans.Read More
IA_BE_11Participation in a QCDRMedium
Details
Participation in a QCDR, that promotes use of processes and tools that engage patients for adherence to treatment plan.Read More
IA_BE_12Use evidence-based decision aids to support shared decision-making.Medium
Details
Use evidence-based decision aids to support shared decision-making.Read More
IA_BE_13Regularly assess the patient experience of care through surveysMedium
Details
Regularly assess the patient experience of care through surveys, advisory councils and/or other mechanisms.Read More
IA_BE_14Engage Patients and Families to Guide Improvement in the System of CareHigh
Details
Engage patients and families to guide improvement in the system of care by leveraging digital tools for ongoing guidance and assessments outside the encounter, including the collection and use of patient data for return-to-work and patient quality of life improvement. Platforms and devices that collect patient-generated health data(PGHD) must do so with an active feedback loop, either providing PGHD in real or near-real time to the care team, or generating clinically endorsed real or near-real time automated feedback to the patient, including patient reported outcomes (PROs). Examples include patient engagement and outcomes tracking platforms, cellular or web-enabled bi- directional systems, and other devices that transmit clinically valid objective and
subjective data back to care teams. Because many consumer-grade devices capture PGHD (for example, wellness devices), platforms or devices eligible for this improvement activity must be, at a minimum, endorsed and offered clinically by care teams to patients to automatically send ongoing guidance (one way). Platforms and devices that additionally collect PGHD must do so with an active feedback loop, either providing PGHD in real or near-real time to the care team, or generating clinically endorsed real or near-real time automated feedback to the patient (e.g. automated patient-facing instructions based on glucometer readings). Therefore, unlike passive platforms or devices that may collect but do not transmit PGHD in real or near-real time to clinical care teams, active devices and platforms can inform the patient or the clinical care team in a timely manner of important parameters regarding a patient’s status, adherence, comprehension, and indicators of clinical concern.
Read More
IA_BE_15Engage patients, family, and caregivers in developing a plan of care and prioritizing their goals for action, documented in the electronic health recordMedium
Details
Engage patients, family and caregivers in developing a plan of care and prioritizing their goals for action, documented in the certified EHR technology.Read More
IA_BE_16Evidenced-based techniques to promote self-management into usual careMedium
Details
Incorporate evidence-based techniques to promote self-management into usual care, using techniques such as goal setting with structured follow-up, Teach Back, action planning or motivational interviewing.Read More
IA_BE_17Use of tools to assist patient self-managementMedium
Details
Use tools to assist patients in assessing their need for support for self-management (e.g., the Patient Activation Measure or How's My Health).Read More
IA_BE_18Provide peer-led support for self-management.Medium
Details
Provide peer-led support for self-management.Read More
IA_BE_19Use group visits for common chronic conditions (e.g.Medium
Details
Use group visits for common chronic conditions (e.g., diabetes).Read More
IA_BE_2Use of QCDR to support clinical decision makingMedium
Details
Participation in a QCDR, demonstrating performance of activities that promote implementation of shared clinical decision making capabilities.Read More
IA_BE_20Implementation of condition-specific chronic disease self-management support programsMedium
Details
Provide condition-specific chronic disease self-management support programs or coaching or link patients to those programs in the community.Read More
IA_BE_21Improved Practices that Disseminate Appropriate Self-Management MaterialsMedium
Details
Provide self-management materials at an appropriate literacy level and in an appropriate language.Read More
IA_BE_22Improved Practices that Engage Patients Pre-VisitMedium
Details
Implementation of workflow changes that engage patients prior to the visit, such as a pre-visit development of a shared visit agenda with the patient, or targeted pre-visit laboratory testing that will be resulted and available to the MIPS eligible clinician to review and discuss during the patient’s appointment.Read More
IA_BE_23Integration of patient coaching practices between visitsMedium
Details
Provide coaching between visits with follow-up on care plan and goals.Read More
IA_BE_3Engagement with QIN-QIO to implement self-management training programsMedium
Details
Engagement with a Quality Innovation Network-Quality Improvement Organization, which may include participation in self-management training programs such as diabetes.Read More
IA_BE_4Engagement of patients through implementation of improvements in patient portalMedium
Details
Access to an enhanced patient portal that provides up to date information related to relevant chronic disease health or blood pressure control, and includes interactive features allowing patients to enter health information and/or enables bidirectional communication about medication changes and adherence.Read More
IA_BE_5Enhancements/regular updates to practice websites/tools that also include considerations for patients with cognitive disabilitiesMedium
Details
Enhancements and ongoing regular updates and use of websites/tools that include consideration for compliance with section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 or for improved design for patients with cognitive disabilities. Refer to the CMS website on Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act https://www.cms.gov/Research-Statistics-Data-and-Systems/CMS-Information-Technology/Section508/index.html?redirect=/InfoTechGenInfo/07_Section508.asp that requires that institutions receiving federal funds solicit, procure, maintain and use all electronic and information technology (EIT) so that equal or alternate/comparable access is given to members of the public with and without disabilities. For example, this includes designing a patient portal or website that is compliant with section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973Read More
IA_BE_6Collection and follow-up on patient experience and satisfaction data on beneficiary engagementHigh
Details
Collection and follow-up on patient experience and satisfaction data on beneficiary engagement, including development of improvement plan.Read More
IA_BE_7Participation in a QCDRMedium
Details
Participation in a QCDR, that promotes use of patient engagement tools.Read More
IA_BE_8Participation in a QCDRMedium
Details
Participation in a QCDR, that promotes collaborative learning network opportunities that are interactive.Read More
IA_BE_9Use of QCDR patient experience data to inform and advance improvements in beneficiary engagement.Medium
Details
Use of QCDR patient experience data to inform and advance improvements in beneficiary engagement.Read More
IA_BMH_1Diabetes screeningMedium
Details
Diabetes screening for people with schizophrenia or bipolar disease who are using antipsychotic medication.Read More
IA_BMH_2Tobacco useMedium
Details
Tobacco use: Regular engagement of MIPS eligible clinicians or groups in integrated prevention and treatment interventions, including tobacco use screening and cessation interventions (refer to NQF #0028) for patients with co-occurring conditions of behavioral or mental health and at risk factors for tobacco dependence.Read More
IA_BMH_3Unhealthy alcohol useMedium
Details
Unhealthy alcohol use: Regular engagement of MIPS eligible clinicians or groups in integrated prevention and treatment interventions, including screening and brief counseling (refer to NQF #2152) for patients with co-occurring conditions of behavioral or mental health conditions.Read More
IA_BMH_4Depression screeningMedium
Details
Depression screening and follow-up plan: Regular engagement of MIPS eligible clinicians or groups in integrated prevention and treatment interventions, including depression screening and follow-up plan (refer to NQF #0418) for patients with co-occurring conditions of behavioral or mental health conditions.Read More
IA_BMH_5MDD prevention and treatment interventionsMedium
Details
Major depressive disorder: Regular engagement of MIPS eligible clinicians or groups in integrated prevention and treatment interventions, including suicide risk assessment (refer to NQF #0104) for mental health patients with co-occurring conditions of behavioral or mental health conditions.Read More
IA_BMH_6Implementation of co-location PCP and MH servicesHigh
Details
Integration facilitation, and promotion of the colocation of mental health services in primary and/or non-primary clinical care settings.Read More
IA_BMH_7Implementation of Integrated Patient Centered Behavioral Health ModelHigh
Details
Offer integrated behavioral health services to support patients with behavioral health needs who also have conditions such as dementia or other poorly controlled chronic illnesses. The services could include one or more of the following: <ul><li>Use evidence-based treatment protocols and treatment to goal where appropriate;</li><li>Use evidence-based screening and case finding strategies to identify individuals at risk and in need of services;</li><li>Ensure regular communication and coordinated workflows between MIPS eligible clinicians in primary care and behavioral health;</li><li>Conduct regular case reviews for at-risk or unstable patients and those who are not responding to treatment;</li><li>Use of a registry or health information technology functionality to support active care management and outreach to patients in treatment;</li><li>Integrate behavioral health and medical care plans and facilitate integration through co-location of services when feasible; and/or </li><li>Participate in the National Partnership to Improve Dementia Care Initiative, which promotes a multidimensional approach that includes public reporting, state-based coalitions, research, training, and revised surveyor guidance.</li></ul>Read More
IA_BMH_8Electronic Health Record Enhancements for BH data captureMedium
Details
Enhancements to an electronic health record to capture additional data on behavioral health (BH) populations and use that data for additional decision-making purposes (e.g., capture of additional BH data results in additional depression screening for at-risk patient not previously identified).Read More
IA_BMH_9Unhealthy Alcohol Use for Patients with Co-occurring Conditions of Mental Health and Substance Abuse and Ambulatory Care PatientsHigh
Details
Individual MIPS eligible clinicians or groups must regularly engage in integrated prevention and treatment interventions, including screening and brief counseling (for example: NQF #2152) for patients with co-occurring conditions of mental health and substance abuse. MIPS eligible clinicians would attest that 60 percent for the CY 2018 Quality Payment Program performance period, and 75 percent beginning in the 2019 performance period, of their ambulatory care patients are screened for unhealthy alcohol use.Read More
IA_CC_1Implementation of use of specialist reports back to referring clinician or group to close referral loopMedium
Details
Performance of regular practices that include providing specialist reports back to the referring MIPS eligible clinician or group to close the referral loop or where the referring MIPS eligible clinician or group initiates regular inquiries to specialist for specialist reports which could be documented or noted in the certified EHR technology.Read More
IA_CC_10Care transition documentation practice improvementsMedium
Details
Implementation of practices/processes for care transition that include documentation of how a MIPS eligible clinician or group carried out a patient-centered action plan for first 30 days following a discharge (e.g., staff involved, phone calls conducted in support of transition, accompaniments, navigation actions, home visits, patient information access, etc.).Read More
IA_CC_11Care transition standard operational improvementsMedium
Details
Establish standard operations to manage transitions of care that could include one or more of the following: Establish formalized lines of communication with local settings in which empaneled patients receive care to ensure documented flow of information and seamless transitions in care; and/or Partner with community or hospital-based transitional care services.Read More
IA_CC_12Care coordination agreements that promote improvements in patient tracking across settingsMedium
Details
Establish effective care coordination and active referral management that could include one or more of the following: Establish care coordination agreements with frequently used consultants that set expectations for documented flow of information and MIPS eligible clinician or MIPS eligible clinician group expectations between settings. Provide patients with information that sets their expectations consistently with the care coordination agreements; Track patients referred to specialist through the entire process; and/or Systematically integrate information from referrals into the plan of care.Read More
IA_CC_13Practice Improvements for Bilateral Exchange of Patient InformationMedium
Details
Ensure that there is bilateral exchange of necessary patient information to guide patient care, such as Open Notes, that could include one or more of the following: Participate in a Health Information Exchange if available; and/or Use structured referral notes.Read More
IA_CC_14Practice Improvements that Engage Community Resources to Support Patient Health GoalsMedium
Details
Maintain formal (referral) links to community-based chronic disease self-management support programs, exercise programs and other wellness resources with the potential for bidirectional flow of information; and provide a guide to available community resources including through the use of tools that: <ul><li>facilitate electronic communication between settings;</li><li>Screen patients for health-harming legal needs;</li><li>Screen and assess patients for social needs using tools that are preferably health IT enabled and that include to any extent standards - based, coded question/field for the capture of data as is feasible and available as part of such tool; and/or</li><li>Provide a guide to available community resources.</li></ul> 
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IA_CC_15PSH Care CoordinationMedium
Details
Participation in a Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) that provides a patient-centered, physician-led, interdisciplinary, and team-based system of coordinated patient care, which coordinates care from pre-procedure assessment through the acute care episode, recovery, and post-acute care. This activity allows for reporting of strategies and processes related to care coordination of patients receiving surgical or procedural care within a PSH. The clinician must perform one or more of the following care coordination activities: Coordinate with care managers/navigators in preoperative clinic to plan and implementation comprehensive post discharge plan of care; Deploy perioperative clinic and care processes to reduce post-operative visits to emergency rooms; Implement evidence-informed practices and standardize care across the entire spectrum of surgical patients; or Implement processes to ensure effective communications and education of patients’ post-discharge instructions.Read More
IA_CC_16Primary Care Physician and Behavioral Health Bilateral Electronic Exchange of Information for Shared PatientsMedium
Details
The primary care and behavioral health practices use the same electronic health record system for shared patients or have an established bidirectional flow of primary care and behavioral health records.Read More
IA_CC_17Patient Navigator ProgramHigh
Details
Implement a Patient Navigator Program that offers evidence-based resources and tools to reduce avoidable hospital readmissions, utilizing a patient-centered and team-based approach, leveraging evidence-based best practices to improve care for patients by making hospitalizations less stressful, and the recovery period more supportive by implementing quality improvement strategies.Read More
IA_CC_2Implementation of improvements that contribute to more timely communication of test resultsMedium
Details
Timely communication of test results defined as timely identification of abnormal test results with timely follow-up.Read More
IA_CC_3Implementation of additional activity as a result of TA for improving care coordinationMedium
Details
Implementation of at least one additional recommended activity from the Quality Innovation Network-Quality Improvement Organization after technical assistance has been provided related to improving care coordination.Read More
IA_CC_4TCPI participationHigh
Details
Participation in the CMS Transforming Clinical Practice Initiative.Read More
IA_CC_5CMS partner in Patients Hospital Engagement NetworkMedium
Details
Membership and participation in a CMS Partnership for Patients Hospital Engagement Network.Read More
IA_CC_6Use of QCDR to promote standard practicesMedium
Details
Participation in a Qualified Clinical Data Registry, demonstrating performance of activities that promote use of standard practices, tools and processes for quality improvement (e.g., documented preventative screening and vaccinations that can be shared across MIPS eligible clinician or groups).Read More
IA_CC_7Regular training in care coordinationMedium
Details
Implementation of regular care coordination training.Read More
IA_CC_8Implementation of documentation improvements for practice/process improvementsMedium
Details
Implementation of practices/processes that document care coordination activities (e.g., a documented care coordination encounter that tracks all clinical staff involved and communications from date patient is scheduled for outpatient procedure through day of procedure).Read More
IA_CC_9Implementation of practices/processes for developing regular individual care plansMedium
Details
Implementation of practices/processes to develop regularly updated individual care plans for at-risk patients that are shared with the beneficiary or caregiver(s).Read More
IA_EPA_1Provide 24/7 Access to MIPS Eligible Clinicians or Groups Who Have Real- Time Access to Patient's Medical RecordHigh
Details
Provide 24/7 access to MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or care teams for advice about urgent and emergent care (e.g., MIPS eligible clinician and care team access to medical record, cross-coverage with access to medical record, or protocol-driven nurse line with access to medical record) that could include one or more of the following:<ul><li>Expanded hours in evenings and weekends with access to the patient medical record (e.g., coordinate with small practices to provide alternate hour office visits and urgent care);</li><li>Use of alternatives to increase access to care team by MIPS eligible clinicians and groups, such as e-visits, phone visits, group visits, home visits and alternate locations (e.g., senior centers and assisted living centers); and/or</li><li>Provision of same-day or next-day access to a consistent MIPS eligible clinician, group or care team when needed for urgent care or transition management.</li></ul>Read More
IA_EPA_2Use of telehealth services that expand practice accessMedium
Details
Use of telehealth services and analysis of data for quality improvement, such as participation in remote specialty care consults or teleaudiology pilots that assess ability to still deliver quality care to patients.Read More
IA_EPA_3Collection and use of patient experience and satisfaction data on accessMedium
Details
Collection of patient experience and satisfaction data on access to care and development of an improvement plan, such as outlining steps for improving communications with patients to help understanding of urgent access needs.Read More
IA_EPA_4Additional improvements in access as a result of QIN/QIO TAMedium
Details
As a result of Quality Innovation Network-Quality Improvement Organization technical assistance, performance of additional activities that improve access to services (e.g., investment of on-site diabetes educator).Read More
IA_EPA_5Participation in User Testing of the Quality Payment Program Website (https://qpp.cms.gov/)Medium
Details
User participation in the Quality Payment Program website testing is an activity for eligible clinicians who have worked with CMS to provided substantive, timely, and responsive input to improve the CMS Quality Payment Program website through product user-testing that enhances system and program accessibility, readability and responsiveness as well as providing feedback for developing tools and guidance thereby allowing for a more user-friendly and accessible clinician and practice Quality Payment Program website experience.Read More
IA_ERP_1Participation on Disaster Medical Assistance TeamMedium
Details
Participation in Disaster Medical Assistance Teams, or Community Emergency Responder Teams. Activities that simply involve registration are not sufficient. MIPS eligible clinicians and MIPS eligible clinician groups must be registered for a minimum of 6 months as a volunteer for disaster or emergency response.Read More
IA_ERP_2Participation in a 60-day or greater effort to support domestic or international humanitarian needs.High
Details
Participation in domestic or international humanitarian volunteer work. Activities that simply involve registration are not sufficient. MIPS eligible clinicians attest to domestic or international humanitarian volunteer work for a period of a continuous 60 days or greater.Read More
IA_PM_1Participation in Systematic Anticoagulation ProgramHigh
Details
Participation in a systematic anticoagulation program (coagulation clinic, patient self-reporting program, or patient self-management program) for 60 percent of practice patients in the transition year and 75 percent of practice patients in Quality Payment Program Year 2 and future years, who receive anti-coagulation medications (warfarin or other coagulation cascade inhibitors).Read More
IA_PM_10Use of QCDR data for quality improvement such as comparative analysis reports across patient populationsMedium
Details
Participation in a QCDR, clinical data registries, or other registries run by other government agencies such as FDA, or private entities such as a hospital or medical or surgical society. Activity must include use of QCDR data for quality improvement (e.g., comparative analysis across specific patient populations for adverse outcomes after an outpatient surgical procedure and corrective steps to address adverse outcome).Read More
IA_PM_11Regular review practices in place on targeted patient population needsMedium
Details
Implementation of regular reviews of targeted patient population needs, such as structured clinical case reviews, which includes access to reports that show unique characteristics of eligible clinician's patient population, identification of vulnerable patients, and how clinical treatment needs are being tailored, if necessary, to address unique needs and what resources in the community have been identified as additional resources.Read More
IA_PM_12Population empanelment
Details
Empanel (assign responsibility for) the total population, linking each patient to a MIPS eligible clinician or group or care team. Empanelment is a series of processes that assign each active patient to a MIPS eligible clinician or group and/or care team, confirm assignment with patients and clinicians, and use the resultant patient panels as a foundation for individual patient and population health management. Empanelment identifies the patients and population for whom the MIPS eligible clinician or group and/or care team is responsible and is the foundation for the relationship continuity between patient and MIPS eligible clinician or group /care team that is at the heart of comprehensive primary care. Effective empanelment requires identification of the active population" of the practice: those patients who identify and use your practice as a source for primary care. There are many ways to define "active patients" operationallyRead More
IA_PM_13Chronic Care and Preventative Care Management for Empaneled PatientMedium
Details
Proactively manage chronic and preventive care for empaneled patients that could include one or more of the following:
Provide patients annually with an opportunity for development and/or adjustment of an individualized plan of care as appropriate to age and health status, including health risk appraisal; gender, age and condition-specific preventive care services; and plan of care for chronic conditions; 

Use condition-specific pathways for care of chronic conditions (e.g., hypertension, diabetes, depression, asthma, and heart failure) with evidence-based protocols to guide treatment to target; such as a CDC- recognized diabetes prevention program; 

Use pre-visit planning to optimize preventive care and team management of patients with chronic conditions; 

Use panel support tools (registry functionality) to identify services due; 

Use predictive analytical models to predict risk, onset and progression 
of chronic diseases; or 

Use reminders and outreach (e.g., phone calls, emails, postcards, 
patient portals and community health workers where available) to alert and educate patients about services due; and/or routine medication reconciliation. 

Read More
IA_PM_14Implementation of methodologies for improvements in longitudinal care management for high risk patientsMedium
Details
Provide longitudinal care management to patients at high risk for adverse health outcome or harm that could include one or more of the following: Use a consistent method to assign and adjust global risk status for all empaneled patients to allow risk stratification into actionable risk cohorts. Monitor the risk-stratification method and refine as necessary to improve accuracy of risk status identification; Use a personalized plan of care for patients at high risk for adverse health outcome or harm, integrating patient goals, values and priorities; and/or Use on-site practice-based or shared care managers to proactively monitor and coordinate care for the highest risk cohort of patients.Read More
IA_PM_15Implementation of episodic care management practice improvementsMedium
Details
Provide episodic care management, including management across transitions and referrals that could include one or more of the following: Routine and timely follow-up to hospitalizations, ED visits and stays in other institutional settings, including symptom and disease management, and medication reconciliation and management; and/or Managing care intensively through new diagnoses, injuries and exacerbations of illness.Read More
IA_PM_16Implementation of medication management practice improvementsMedium
Details
Manage medications to maximize efficiency, effectiveness and safety that could include one or more of the following: Reconcile and coordinate medications and provide medication management across transitions of care settings and eligible clinicians or groups; Integrate a pharmacist into the care team; and/or Conduct periodic, structured medication reviews.Read More
IA_PM_17Participation in Population Health ResearchMedium
Details
Participation in federally and/or privately funded research that identifies interventions, tools, or processes that can improve a targeted patient population.Read More
IA_PM_18Provide Clinical-Community LinkagesMedium
Details
Engaging community health workers to provide a comprehensive link to community resources through family-based services focusing on success in health, education, and self-sufficiency. This activity supports individual MIPS eligible clinicians or groups that coordinate with primary care and other clinicians, engage and support patients, use of health information technology, and employ quality measurement and improvement processes. An example of this community based program is the NCQA Patient-Centered Connected Care (PCCC) Recognition Program or other such programs that meet these criteria.Read More
IA_PM_19Glycemic Screening ServicesMedium
Details
For at-risk outpatient Medicare beneficiaries, individual MIPS eligible clinicians and groups must attest to implementation of systematic preventive approaches in clinical practice for at least 60 percent for the 2018 performance period and 75 percent in future years, of electronic medical records with documentation of screening patients for abnormal blood glucose according to current US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) and/or American Diabetes Association (ADA) guidelines.Read More
IA_PM_2Anticoagulant management improvementsHigh
Details
Individual MIPS eligible clinicians and groups who prescribe oral Vitamin K antagonist therapy (warfarin) must attest that, in the first performance year, 60 percent or more of their ambulatory care patients receiving warfarin are being managed by one or more of these clinical practice improvement activities: Patients are being managed by an anticoagulant management service, that involves systematic and coordinated care*, incorporating comprehensive patient education, systematic INR testing, tracking, follow-up, and patient communication of results and dosing decisions; Patients are being managed according to validated electronic decision support and clinical management tools that involve systematic and coordinated care, incorporating comprehensive patient education, systematic INR testing, tracking, follow-up, and patient communication of results and dosing decisions; For rural or remote patients, patients are managed using remote monitoring or telehealth options that involve systematic and coordinated care, incorporating comprehensive patient education, systematic INR testing, tracking, follow-up, and patient communication of results and dosing decisions; and/or For patients who demonstrate motivation, competency, and adherence, patients are managed using either a patient self-testing (PST) or patient-self-management (PSM) program. The performance threshold will increase to 75 percent for the second performance year and onward. Clinicians would attest that, 60 percent for first year, or 75 percent for the second year, of their ambulatory care patients receiving warfarin participated in an anticoagulation management program for at least 90 days during the performance period.Read More
IA_PM_20Glycemic Referring ServicesMedium
Details
For at-risk outpatient Medicare beneficiaries, individual MIPS eligible clinicians and groups must attest to implementation of systematic preventive approaches in clinical practice for at least 60 percent for the CY 2018 performance period and 75 percent in future years, of medical records with documentation of referring eligible patients with prediabetes to a CDC-recognized diabetes prevention program operating under the framework of the National Diabetes Prevention Program.Read More
IA_PM_21Advance Care PlanningMedium
Details
Implementation of practices/processes to develop advance care planning that includes: documenting the advance care plan or living will within the medical record, educating clinicians about advance care planning motivating them to address advance care planning needs of their patients, and how these needs can translate into quality improvement, educating clinicians on approaches and barriers to talking to patients about end-of-life and palliative care needs and ways to manage its documentation, as well as informing clinicians of the healthcare policy side of advance care planning.Read More
IA_PM_3RHCHigh
Details
Participating in a Rural Health Clinic (RHC), Indian Health Service Medium Management (IHS), or Federally Qualified Health Center in ongoing engagement activities that contribute to more formal quality reporting in line with Section 1848(q)(2)(B)(iii) of the Act that requires the Secretary to give consideration to the circumstances of practices located in rural areas and geographic HPSAs. Rural Health Clinics would be included in that definition for consideration of practices in rural areas.Read More
IA_PM_4Glycemic management servicesHigh
Details
For outpatient Medicare beneficiaries with diabetes and who are prescribed antidiabetic agents (e.g., insulin, sulfonylureas), MIPS eligible clinicians and groups must attest to having: For the first performance year, at least 60 percent of medical records with documentation of an individualized glycemic treatment goal that: a) Takes into account patient-specific factors, including, at least 1) age, 2) comorbidities, and 3) risk for hypoglycemia, and b) Is reassessed at least annually. The performance threshold will increase to 75 percent for the second performance year and onward. Clinician would attest that, 60 percent for first year, or 75 percent for the second year, of their medical records that document individualized glycemic treatment represent patients who are being treated for at least 90 days during the performance period.Read More
IA_PM_5Engagement of community for health status improvementMedium
Details
Take steps to improve health status of communities, such as collaborating with key partners and stakeholders to implement evidenced-based practices to improve a specific chronic condition. Refer to the local Quality Improvement Organization (QIO) for additional steps to take for improving health status of communities as there are many steps to select from for satisfying this activity. QIOs work under the direction of CMS to assist MIPS eligible clinicians and groups with quality improvement, and review quality concerns for the protection of beneficiaries and the Medicare Trust Fund.Read More
IA_PM_6Use of toolsets or other resources to close healthcare disparities across communitiesMedium
Details
Take steps to improve healthcare disparities, such as Population Health Toolkit or other resources identified by CMS, the Learning and Action Network, Quality Innovation Network, or National Coordinating Center. Refer to the local Quality Improvement Organization (QIO) for additional steps to take for improving health status of communities as there are many steps to select from for satisfying this activity. QIOs work under the direction of CMS to assist eligible clinicians and groups with quality improvement, and review quality concerns for the protection of beneficiaries and the Medicare Trust Fund.Read More
IA_PM_7Use of QCDR for feedback reports that incorporate population healthHigh
Details
Use of a QCDR to generate regular feedback reports that summarize local practice patterns and treatment outcomes, including for vulnerable populations.Read More
IA_PM_9Participation in population health researchMedium
Details
Participation in research that identifies interventions, tools or processes that can improve a targeted patient population.Read More
IA_PSPA_1Participation in an AHRQ-listed patient safety organization.Medium
Details
Participation in an AHRQ-listed patient safety organization.Read More
IA_PSPA_10Completion of training and receipt of approved waiver for provision opioid medication-assisted treatmentsMedium
Details
Completion of training and obtaining an approved waiver for provision of medication-assisted treatment of opioid use disorders using buprenorphine.Read More
IA_PSPA_11Participation in CAHPS or other supplemental questionnaireHigh
Details
Participation in the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems Survey or other supplemental questionnaire items (e.g., Cultural Competence or Health Information Technology supplemental item sets).Read More
IA_PSPA_12Participation in private payer CPIAMedium
Details
Participation in designated private payer clinical practice improvement activities.Read More
IA_PSPA_13Participation in Joint Commission Evaluation InitiativeMedium
Details
Participation in Joint Commission Ongoing Professional Practice Evaluation initiativeRead More
IA_PSPA_14Participation in Quality Improvement InitiativesMedium
Details
Participation in other quality improvement programs such as Bridges to Excellence or American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) Multi-Specialty Portfolio Program.Read More
IA_PSPA_15Implementation of Antibiotic Stewardship ProgramMedium
Details
Leadership of an Antimicrobial Stewardship Program (ASP) that includes implementation of an ASP that measures the appropriate use of antibiotics for several different conditions (such as but not limited to upper respiratory infection treatment in children, diagnosis of pharyngitis, bronchitis treatment in adults)according to clinical guidelines for diagnostics and therapeutics. Specific activities may include:
Develop facility-specific antibiogram and prepare report of findings with specific action plan that aligns with overall facility or practice strategic plan. 

Lead the development, implementation, and monitoring of patient care and patient safety protocols for the delivery of ASP including protocols pertaining to the most appropriate setting for such services (i.e. outpatient or inpatient).
Assist in improving ASP service line efficiency and effectiveness by 
evaluating and recommending improvements in the management 
structure and workflow of ASP processes. 

Manage compliance of the ASP policies and assist with 
implementation of corrective actions in accordance with facility or 
clinic compliance policies and hospital medical staff by-laws. 

Lead the education and training of professional support staff for the 
purpose of maintaining an efficient and effective ASP. 

Coordinate communications between ASP management and facility or 
practice personnel regarding activities, services, and operational/clinical protocols to achieve overall compliance and understanding of the ASP. 

Assist, at the request of the facility or practice, in preparing for and responding to third-party requests, including but not limited to payer audits, governmental inquiries, and professional inquiries that pertain to the ASP service line. 

Implementing and tracking an evidence-based policy or practice aimed at improving antibiotic prescribing practices for high-priority conditions. 

Developing and implementing evidence-based protocols and decision- support for diagnosis and treatment of common infections. 

Implementing evidence-based protocols that align with recommendations in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Core Elements of Outpatient Antibiotic Stewardship guidance 

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IA_PSPA_17Implementation of analytic capabilities to manage total cost of care for practice populationMedium
Details
Build the analytic capability required to manage total cost of care for the practice population that could include one or more of the following: Train appropriate staff on interpretation of cost and utilization information; and/or Use available data regularly to analyze opportunities to reduce cost through improved care.Read More
IA_PSPA_18Measurement and improvement at the practice and panel levelMedium
Details
Measure and improve quality at the practice and panel level that could include one or more of the following: Regularly review measures of quality, utilization, patient satisfaction and other measures that may be useful at the practice level and at the level of the care team or MIPS eligible clinician or group(panel); and/or Use relevant data sources to create benchmarks and goals for performance at the practice level and panel level.Read More
IA_PSPA_19Implementation of formal quality improvement methods, practice changes, or other practice improvement processesMedium
Details
Adopt a formal model for quality improvement and create a culture in which all staff actively participates in improvement activities that could include one or more of the following: Train all staff in quality improvement methods; Integrate practice change/quality improvement into staff duties; Engage all staff in identifying and testing practices changes; Designate regular team meetings to review data and plan improvement cycles; Promote transparency and accelerate improvement by sharing practice level and panel level quality of care, patient experience and utilization data with staff; and/or Promote transparency and engage patients and families by sharing practice level quality of care, patient experience and utilization data with patients and families.Read More
IA_PSPA_2Participation in MOC Part IVMedium
Details
Participation in Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Part IV, such as the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) Approved Quality Improvement (AQI) Program, National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) Clinical Quality Coach, Quality Practice Initiative Certification Program, American Board of Medical Specialties Practice Performance Improvement Module or ASA Simulation Education Network, for improving professional practice including participation in a local, regional or national outcomes registry or quality assessment program. Performance of monthly activities across practice to regularly assess performance in practice, by reviewing outcomes addressing identified areas for improvement and evaluating the results.Read More
IA_PSPA_20Leadership engagement in regular guidance and demonstrated commitment for implementing practice improvement changesMedium
Details
Ensure full engagement of clinical and administrative leadership in practice improvement that could include one or more of the following: Make responsibility for guidance of practice change a component of clinical and administrative leadership roles; Allocate time for clinical and administrative leadership for practice improvement efforts, including participation in regular team meetings; and/or Incorporate population health, quality and patient experience metrics in regular reviews of practice performance.Read More
IA_PSPA_21Implementation of fall screening and assessment programsMedium
Details
Implementation of fall screening and assessment programs to identify patients at risk for falls and address modifiable risk factors (e.g., Clinical decision support/prompts in the electronic health record that help manage the use of medications, such as benzodiazepines, that increase fall risk).Read More
IA_PSPA_22CDC Training on CDC’s Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic PainMedium
Details
Completion of all the modules of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) course “Applying CDC’s Guideline for Prescribing Opioids” that reviews the 2016 “Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain.” Note: This activity may be selected once every 4 years, to avoid duplicative information given that some of the modules may change on a year by year basis but over 4 years there would be a reasonable expectation for the set of modules to have undergone substantive change, for the improvement activities performance category score.Read More
IA_PSPA_23Completion of CDC Training on Antibiotic StewardshipHigh
Details
Completion of all modules of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention antibiotic stewardship course. Note: This activity may be selected once every 4 years, to avoid duplicative information given that some of the modules may change on a year by year basis but over 4 years there would be a reasonable expectation for the set of modules to have undergone substantive change, for the improvement activities performance category score.Read More
IA_PSPA_24Initiate CDC Training on Antibiotic StewardshipMedium
Details
Completion of greater than 50 percent of the modules of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention antibiotic stewardship course. Note: This activity may be selected once every 4 years, to avoid duplicative information given that some of the modules may change on a year by year basis, but over 4 years there would be a reasonable expectation for the set of modules to have undergone substantive change, for the improvement activities performance category score.Read More
IA_PSPA_25Cost Display for Laboratory and Radiographic OrdersMedium
Details
Implementation of a cost display for laboratory and radiographic orders, such as costs that can be obtained through the Medicare clinical laboratory fee schedule.Read More
IA_PSPA_26Communication of Unscheduled Visit for Adverse Drug Event and Nature of EventMedium
Details
A MIPS eligible clinician providing unscheduled care (such as an emergency room, urgent care, or other unplanned encounter) attests that, for greater than 75 percent of case visits that result from a clinically significant adverse drug event, the MIPS eligible clinician provides information, including through the use of health IT to the patient’s primary care clinician regarding both the unscheduled visit and the nature of the adverse drug event within 48 hours. A clinically significant adverse event is defined as a medication-related harm or injury such as side-effects, supratherapeutic effects, allergic reactions, laboratory abnormalities, or medication errors requiring urgent/emergent evaluation, treatment, or hospitalization.Read More
IA_PSPA_27Invasive Procedure or Surgery Anticoagulation Medication ManagementMedium
Details
For an anticoagulated patient undergoing a planned invasive procedure for which interruption in anticoagulation is anticipated, including patients taking vitamin K antagonists (warfarin), target specific oral anticoagulants (such as apixaban, dabigatran, and rivaroxaban), and heparins/low molecular weight heparins, documentation, including through the use of electronic tools, that the plan for anticoagulation management in the periprocedural period was discussed with the patient and with the clinician responsible for managing the patient’s anticoagulation. Elements of the plan should include the following: discontinuation, resumption, and, if applicable, bridging, laboratory monitoring, and management of concomitant antithrombotic medications (such as antiplatelets and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)). An invasive or surgical procedure is defined as a procedure in which skin or mucous membranes and connective tissue are incised, or an instrument is introduced through a natural body orifice.Read More
IA_PSPA_28Completion of an Accredited Safety or Quality Improvement ProgramMedium
Details
Completion of an accredited performance improvement continuing medical education program that addresses performance or quality improvement according to the following criteria: x The activity must address a quality or safety gap that is supported by a needs assessment or problem analysis, or must support the completion of such a needs assessment as part of the activity; The activity must have specific, measurable aim(s) for improvement; The activity must include interventions intended to result in improvement; The activity must include data collection and analysis of performance data to assess the impact of the interventions; and The accredited program must define meaningful clinician participation in their activity, describe the mechanism for identifying clinicians who meet the requirements, and provide participant completion information.Read More
IA_PSPA_29Consulting AUC Using Clinical Decision Support when Ordering AdvancedHigh
Details
Clinicians attest that they are consulting specified applicable AUC through a qualified clinical decision support mechanism for all applicable imaging services furnished in an applicable setting, paid for under an applicable payment system, and ordered on or after January 1, 2018. This activity is for clinicians that are early adopters of the Medicare AUC program (2018 performance year) and for clinicians that begin the Medicare AUC program in future years as specified in our regulation at §414.94. The AUC program is required under section 218 of the Protecting Access to Medicare Act of 2014. Qualified mechanisms will be able to provide a report to the ordering clinician that can be used to assess patterns of image-ordering and improve upon those patterns to ensure that patients are receiving the most appropriate imaging for their individual condition.Read More
IA_PSPA_3Participate in IHI Training/Forum Event; National Academy of Medicine, AHRQ Team STEPPS® or Other Similar ActivityMedium
Details
For MIPS eligible clinicians not participating in Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Part IV, new engagement for MOC Part IV, such as the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) Training/Forum Event; National Academy of Medicine, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Team STEPPS®, or the American Board of Family Medicine (ABFM) Performance in Practice Modules.Read More
IA_PSPA_30PCI Bleeding CampaignHigh
Details
Participation in the PCI Bleeding Campaign which is a national quality improvement program that provides infrastructure for a learning network and offers evidence-based resources and tools to reduce avoidable bleeding associated with patients who receive a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

The program uses a patient-centered and team-based approach, leveraging evidence-based best practices to improve care for PCI patients by implementing quality improvement strategies: Radial-artery access, Bivalirudin, and Use of vascular closure devices.
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IA_PSPA_4Administration of the AHRQ Survey of Patient Safety CultureMedium
Details
Administration of the AHRQ Survey of Patient Safety Culture and submission of data to the comparative database (refer to AHRQ Survey of Patient Safety Culture website http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/quality-patient- safety/patientsafetyculture/index.html). Note: This activity may be selected once every 4 years, to avoid duplicative information given that some of the modules may change on a year by year basis but over 4 years there would be a reasonable expectation for the set of modules to have undergone substantive change, for the improvement activities performance category score.Read More
IA_PSPA_5Annual registration in the Prescription Drug Monitoring ProgramMedium
Details
Annual registration by eligible clinician or group in the prescription drug monitoring program of the state where they practice. Activities that simply involve registration are not sufficient. MIPS eligible clinicians and groups must participate for a minimum of 6 months.Read More
IA_PSPA_6Consultation of the Prescription Drug Monitoring programHigh
Details
Clinicians would attest to reviewing the patient's history of controlled substance prescription using state prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data prior to the issuance of a Controlled Substance Schedule II (CSII) opioid prescription lasting longer than 3 days. For the transition year, clinicians would attest to 60 percent review of applicable patient’s history. For the Quality Payment Program Year 2 and future years, clinicians would attest to 75 percent review of applicable patient’s history performance.Read More
IA_PSPA_7Use of QCDR data for ongoing practice assessment and improvementsMedium
Details
Use of QCDR data, for ongoing practice assessment and improvements in patient safety.Read More
IA_PSPA_8Use of Patient Safety ToolsMedium
Details
Use of tools that assist specialty practices in tracking specific measures that are meaningful to their practice, such as use of a surgical risk calculator, evidence based protocols such as Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols, the CDC Guide for Infection Prevention for Outpatient Settings, (https://www.cdc.gov/hai/settings/outpatient/outpatient-care-guidelines.html), predictive algorithms, or other such tools.Read More
IA_PSPA_9Completion of the AMA STEPS Forward programMedium
Details
Completion of the American Medical Association's STEPS Forward program.Read More
IA_PCMHElectronic submission of Patient Centered Medical Home accreditationn/a
Details
Electronic submission of Patient Centered Medical Home accreditation (awards full credit for Improvement Activities Performance Category).Read More