General Surgery MIPS Quality Measures and Improvement Activities

How to Select MIPS Quality Measures

Step 1 : Select At Least 1 Outcome Measure

For the MIPS Quality Performance Category, you must report at least one outcome measure. If no outcome measures are applicable to your patient population, then you must select at least one high-priority measure (see Step 2). The outcome measures you report count towards the six measure requirement for the Quality Performance Category. Reporting additional outcome measures beyond the required one will award two (2) bonus points to your Quality Performance Category Score.

Step 2 : Select Applicable High-Priority Measures

If you were able to select an outcome measure in Step 1, this step is optional. Non-outcome high-priority measures are worth one (1) bonus point for the Quality Performance Category. This makes it a smart idea to include as many outcome and/or high-priority measures as possible in your six Quality Performance Category Measures.

Step 3 : Make Sure You Have 6 Measures Selected

If you have not yet selected six measures and are aiming for a positive MIPS Payment Adjustment, select from the other recommended measures. If you report over six measures, CMS will calculate your MIPS Quality Performance Score using your top performing quality measures.


Recommended Quality Measures

Quality IdMeasure NameHigh PriorityMeasure TypeMeasure Description
021Perioperative Care: Selection of Prophylactic Antibiotic – First OR Second-Generation CephalosporinyesProcessPercentage of surgical patients aged 18 years and older undergoing procedures with the indications for a first OR second-generation cephalosporin prophylactic antibiotic who had an order for a first OR second-generation cephalosporin for antimicrobial prophylaxisView
023Perioperative Care: Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) Prophylaxis (When Indicated in ALL Patients)yesProcessPercentage of surgical patients aged 18 years and older undergoing procedures for which venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis is indicated in all patients, who had an order for Low Molecular Weight Heparin (LMWH), Low-Dose Unfractionated Heparin (LDUH), adjusted-dose warfarin, fondaparinux or mechanical prophylaxis to be given within 24 hours prior to incision time or within 24 hours after surgery end timeView
044Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG): Preoperative Beta-Blocker in Patients with Isolated CABG SurgerynoProcessPercentage of isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgeries for patients aged 18 years and older who received a beta-blocker within 24 hours prior to surgical incisionView
046Medication Reconciliation Post-DischargeyesProcessThe percentage of discharges from any inpatient facility (e.g. hospital, skilled nursing facility, or rehabilitation facility) for patients 18 years and older of age seen within 30 days following discharge in the office by the physician, prescribing practitioner, registered nurse, or clinical pharmacist providing on-going care for whom the discharge medication list was reconciled with the current medication list in the outpatient medical record
This measure is reported as three rates stratified by age group:
• Submission Criteria 1: 18-64 years of age
• Submission Criteria 2: 65 years and older
• Total Rate: All patients 18 years of age and older
View
047Advance Care PlanyesProcessPercentage of patients aged 65 years and older who have an advance care plan or surrogate decision maker documented in the medical record or documentation in the medical record that an advance care plan was discussed but the patient did not wish or was not able to name a surrogate decision maker or provide an advance care planView
076Prevention of Central Venous Catheter (CVC) - Related Bloodstream InfectionsyesProcessPercentage of patients, regardless of age, who undergo central venous catheter (CVC) insertion for whom CVC was inserted with all elements of maximal sterile barrier technique, hand hygiene, skin preparation and, if ultrasound is used, sterile ultrasound techniques followedView
110Preventive Care and Screening: Influenza ImmunizationnoProcessPercentage of patients aged 6 months and older seen for a visit between October 1 and March 31 who received an influenza immunization OR who reported previous receipt of an influenza immunizationView
111Pneumococcal Vaccination Status for Older AdultsnoProcessPercentage of patients 65 years of age and older who have ever received a pneumococcal vaccineView
112Breast Cancer ScreeningnoProcessPercentage of women 50 - 74 years of age who had a mammogram to screen for breast cancerView
128Preventive Care and Screening: Body Mass Index (BMI) Screening and Follow-Up PlannoProcessPercentage of patients aged 18 years and older with a BMI documented during the current encounter or during the previous twelve months AND with a BMI outside of normal parameters, a follow-up plan is documented during the encounter or during the previous twelve months of the current encounter

Normal Parameters: Age 18 years and older BMI => 18.5 and < 25 kg/m2
View
130Documentation of Current Medications in the Medical RecordyesProcessPercentage of visits for patients aged 18 years and older for which the eligible professional or eligible clinician attests to documenting a list of current medications using all immediate resources available on the date of the encounter. This list must include ALL known prescriptions, over-the-counters, herbals, and vitamin/mineral/dietary (nutritional) supplements AND must contain the medications' name, dosage, frequency and route of administrationView
131Pain Assessment and Follow-UpyesProcessPercentage of visits for patients aged 18 years and older with documentation of a pain assessment using a standardized tool(s) on each visit AND documentation of a follow-up plan when pain is presentView
134Preventive Care and Screening: Screening for Depression and Follow-Up PlannoProcessPercentage of patients aged 12 years and older screened for depression on the date of the encounter using an age appropriate standardized depression screening tool AND if positive, a follow-up plan is documented on the date of the positive screenView
164Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG): Prolonged IntubationyesOutcomePercentage of patients aged 18 years and older undergoing isolated CABG surgery who require postoperative intubation > 24 hoursView
182Functional Outcome AssessmentyesProcessPercentage of visits for patients aged 18 years and older with documentation of a current functional outcome assessment using a standardized functional outcome assessment tool on the date of the encounter AND documentation of a care plan based on identified functional outcome deficiencies on the date of the identified deficienciesView
226Preventive Care and Screening: Tobacco Use: Screening and Cessation InterventionnoProcessPercentage of patients aged 18 years and older who were screened for tobacco use one or more times within 24 months AND who received tobacco cessation intervention if identified as a tobacco userView
236Controlling High Blood PressureyesIntermediate OutcomePercentage of patients 18 - 85 years of age who had a diagnosis of hypertension and whose blood pressure was adequately controlled (< 140/90 mmHg) during the measurement periodView
238Use of High-Risk Medications in the ElderlyyesProcessPercentage of patients 65 years of age and older who were ordered high-risk medications. Two rates are submitted.
1) Percentage of patients who were ordered at least one high-risk medication
2) Percentage of patients who were ordered at least two of the same high-risk medication
View
243Cardiac Rehabilitation Patient Referral from an Outpatient SettingyesProcessPercentage of patients evaluated in an outpatient setting who within the previous 12 months have experienced an acute myocardial infarction (MI), coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), cardiac valve surgery, or cardiac transplantation, or who have chronic stable angina (CSA) and have not already participated in an early outpatient cardiac rehabilitation/secondary prevention (CR) program for the qualifying event/diagnosis who were referred to a CR programView
258Rate of Open Repair of Small or Moderate Non-Ruptured Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA) without Major Complications (Discharged to Home by Post-Operative Day #7)yesOutcomePercent of patients undergoing open repair of small or moderate sized non-ruptured infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms who do not experience a major complication (discharge to home no later than post-operative day #7)View
259Rate of Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR) of Small or Moderate Non-Ruptured Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA) without Major Complications (Discharged to Home by Post Operative Day #2)yesOutcomePercent of patients undergoing endovascular repair of small or moderate non-ruptured infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) that do not experience a major complication (discharged to home no later than post-operative day #2)View
260Rate of Carotid Endarterectomy (CEA) for Asymptomatic Patients, without Major Complications (Discharged to Home by Post-Operative Day #2)yesOutcomePercent of asymptomatic patients undergoing CEA who are discharged to home no later than post-operative day #2View
262Image Confirmation of Successful Excision of Image-Localized Breast LesionyesProcessImage confirmation of lesion(s) targeted for image guided excisional biopsy or image guided partial mastectomy in patients with nonpalpable, image-detected breast lesion(s). Lesions may include: microcalcifications, mammographic or sonographic mass or architectural distortion, focal suspicious abnormalities on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or other breast imaging amenable to localization such as positron emission tomography (PET) mammography, or a biopsy marker demarcating site of confirmed pathology as established by previous core biopsyView
264Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy for Invasive Breast CancernoProcessThe percentage of clinically node negative (clinical stage T1N0M0 or T2N0M0) breast cancer patients before or after neoadjuvant systemic therapy, who undergo a sentinel lymph node (SLN) procedureView
317Preventive Care and Screening: Screening for High Blood Pressure and Follow-Up DocumentednoProcessPercentage of patients aged 18 years and older seen during the reporting period who were screened for high blood pressure AND a recommended follow-up plan is documented based on the current blood pressure (BP) reading as indicatedView
326Atrial Fibrillation and Atrial Flutter: Chronic Anticoagulation TherapynoProcessPercentage of patients aged 18 years and older with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF) or atrial flutter who were prescribed warfarin OR another FDA-approved oral anticoagulant drug for the prevention of thromboembolism during the measurement periodView
342Pain Brought Under Control Within 48 HoursyesOutcomePatients aged 18 and older who report being uncomfortable because of pain at the initial assessment (after admission to palliative care services) who report pain was brought to a comfortable level within 48 hoursView
344Rate of Carotid Artery Stenting (CAS) for Asymptomatic Patients, Without Major Complications (Discharged to Home by Post-Operative Day #2)yesOutcomePercent of asymptomatic patients undergoing CAS who are discharged to home no later than post-operative day #2View
345Rate of Asymptomatic Patients Undergoing Carotid Artery Stenting (CAS) Who Are Stroke Free or Discharged AliveyesOutcomePercent of asymptomatic patients undergoing CAS who are stroke free while in the hospital or discharged alive following surgeryView
346Rate of Asymptomatic Patients Undergoing Carotid Endarterectomy (CEA) Who Are Stroke Free or Discharged AliveyesOutcomePercent of asymptomatic patients undergoing CEA who are stroke free or discharged alive following surgeryView
347Rate of Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR) of Small or Moderate Non-Ruptured Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA) Who Are Discharged AliveyesOutcomePercent of patients undergoing endovascular repair of small or moderate non-ruptured infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) who are discharged aliveView
348HRS-3: Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) Complications RateyesOutcomePatients with physician-specific risk-standardized rates of procedural complications following the first time implantation of an ICDView
354Anastomotic Leak InterventionyesOutcomePercentage of patients aged 18 years and older who required an anastomotic leak intervention following gastric bypass or colectomy surgeryView
355Unplanned Reoperation within the 30 Day Postoperative PeriodyesOutcomePercentage of patients aged 18 years and older who had any unplanned reoperation within the 30 day postoperative periodView
356Unplanned Hospital Readmission within 30 Days of Principal ProcedureyesOutcomePercentage of patients aged 18 years and older who had an unplanned hospital readmission within 30 days of principal procedureView
357Surgical Site Infection (SSI)yesOutcomePercentage of patients aged 18 years and older who had a surgical site infection (SSI)View
358Patient-Centered Surgical Risk Assessment and CommunicationyesProcessPercentage of patients who underwent a non-emergency surgery who had their personalized risks of postoperative complications assessed by their surgical team prior to surgery using a clinical data-based, patient-specific risk calculator and who received personal discussion of those risks with the surgeonView
374Closing the Referral Loop: Receipt of Specialist ReportyesProcessPercentage of patients with referrals, regardless of age, for which the referring provider receives a report from the provider to whom the patient was referredView
392HRS-12: Cardiac Tamponade and/or Pericardiocentesis Following Atrial Fibrillation AblationyesOutcomeRate of cardiac tamponade and/or pericardiocentesis following atrial fibrillation ablation This measure is submitted as four rates stratified by age and gender:
• Submission Age Criteria 1: Females 18-64 years of age
• Submission Age Criteria 2: Males 18-64 years of age
• Submission Age Criteria 3: Females 65 years of age and older
• Submission Age Criteria 4: Males 65 years of age and older
View
393HRS-9: Infection within 180 Days of Cardiac Implantable Electronic Device (CIED) Implantation, Replacement, or RevisionyesOutcomeInfection rate following CIED device implantation, replacement, or revisionView
402Tobacco Use and Help with Quitting Among AdolescentsnoProcessThe percentage of adolescents 12 to 20 years of age with a primary care visit during the measurement year for whom tobacco use status was documented and received help with quitting if identified as a tobacco userView
404Anesthesiology Smoking AbstinenceyesIntermediate OutcomeThe percentage of current smokers who abstain from cigarettes prior to anesthesia on the day of elective surgery or procedureView
424Perioperative Temperature ManagementyesOutcomePercentage of patients, regardless of age, who undergo surgical or therapeutic procedures under general or neuraxial anesthesia of 60 minutes duration or longer for whom at least one body temperature greater than or equal to 35.5 degrees Celsius (or 95.9 degrees Fahrenheit) was achieved within the 30 minutes immediately before or the 15 minutes immediately after anesthesia end timeView
431Preventive Care and Screening: Unhealthy Alcohol Use: Screening & Brief CounselingnoProcessPercentage of patients aged 18 years and older who were screened for unhealthy alcohol use using a systematic screening method at least once within the last 24 months AND who received brief counseling if identified as an unhealthy alcohol userView

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How to Select MIPS Improvement Activities

Step 1 : Determine how many points are needed for successful reporting

  • 40 points: The standard number of required points and the maximum score for this Performance Category.
  • 20 points: For small or rural practices, HPSAs, or non-patient facing clinicians/groups.
  • 0 points: Certified Patient Centered Medical Homes receive full credit. A Patient Centered Medical Home must be attested to and will not automatically be classified by CMS as such.

Step 2 : Select Improvement Activities

High-weighted activities are worth 20 points, while medium-weight activities are worth 10 points. Participants can select any combination of activities to meet the requirement.


Recommended Improvement Activities

Activity IdActivity NameActivity WeightingActivity Description
IA_EPA_3Collection and use of patient experience and satisfaction data on accessMediumCollection of patient experience and satisfaction data on access to care and development of an improvement plan, such as outlining steps for improving communications with patients to help understanding of urgent access needs.View
IA_CC_2Implementation of improvements that contribute to more timely communication of test resultsMediumTimely communication of test results defined as timely identification of abnormal test results with timely follow-up.View
IA_CC_8Implementation of documentation improvements for practice/process improvementsMediumImplementation of practices/processes that document care coordination activities (e.g., a documented care coordination encounter that tracks all clinical staff involved and communications from date patient is scheduled for outpatient procedure through day of procedure).View
IA_BE_14Engage Patients and Families to Guide Improvement in the System of CareHighEngage patients and families to guide improvement in the system of care by leveraging digital tools for ongoing guidance and assessments outside the encounter, including the collection and use of patient data for return-to-work and patient quality of life improvement. Platforms and devices that collect patient-generated health data (PGHD) must do so with an active feedback loop, either providing PGHD in real or near-real time to the care team, or generating clinically endorsed real or near-real time automated feedback to the patient, including patient reported outcomes (PROs). Examples include patient engagement and outcomes tracking platforms, cellular or web-enabled bi-directional systems, and other devices that transmit clinically valid objective and subjective data back to care teams. Because many consumer-grade devices capture PGHD (for example, wellness devices), platforms or devices eligible for this improvement activity must be, at a minimum, endorsed and offered clinically by care teams to patients to automatically send ongoing guidance (one way). Platforms and devices that additionally collect PGHD must do so with an active feedback loop, either providing PGHD in real or near-real time to the care team, or generating clinically endorsed real or near-real time automated feedback to the patient (e.g. automated patient-facing instructions based on glucometer readings). Therefore, unlike passive platforms or devices that may collect but do not transmit PGHD in real or near-real time to clinical care teams, active devices and platforms can inform the patient or the clinical care team in a timely manner of important parameters regarding a patient's status, adherence, comprehension, and indicators of clinical concern.View
IA_PSPA_5Annual registration in the Prescription Drug Monitoring ProgramMediumAnnual registration by eligible clinician or group in the prescription drug monitoring program of the state where they practice. Activities that simply involve registration are not sufficient. MIPS eligible clinicians and groups must participate for a minimum of 6 months.View
IA_AHE_1Engagement of New Medicaid Patients and Follow-upHighSeeing new and follow-up Medicaid patients in a timely manner, including individuals dually eligible for Medicaid and Medicare. A timely manner is defined as within 10 business days for this activity.View

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