2019 MIPS Measure #065: Appropriate Treatment for Children with Upper Respiratory Infection (URI)

Measure Type High Priority Measure? Collection Type(s)
Process yes eCQM, MIPS CQM

Measure Description

Percentage of children 3 months – 18 years of age who were diagnosed with upper respiratory infection (URI) and were not dispensed an antibiotic prescription on or three days after the episode

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This measure is to be submitted once for each occurrence of upper respiratory infection during the performance period. Claims data will be analyzed to determine unique occurrences. This measure may be submitted by Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) eligible clinicians who perform the quality actions described in the measure based on the services provided and the measure-specific denominator coding.

Measure Submission Type:

Measure data may be submitted by individual MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third party intermediaries. The listed denominator criteria are used to identify the intended patient population. The numerator options included in this specification are used to submit the quality actions as allowed by the measure. The quality-data codes listed do not need to be submitted by MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third party intermediaries that utilize this modality for submissions; however, these codes may be submitted for those third party intermediaries that utilize Medicare Part B claims data. For more information regarding Application Programming Interface (API), please refer to the Quality Payment Program (QPP) website.


Children age 3 months to 18 years of age who had an outpatient or emergency department (ED) visit with a diagnosis of upper respiratory infection (URI) during the measurement period

Denominator Instructions:

This is an episode of care measure that examines all eligible episodes for the patient during the measurement period. If the patient has more than one episode, include all episodes in the measure.

To determine eligibility, look for any of the listed antibiotic drugs below in the 30 days prior to the visit with the URI diagnosis. As long as there are no prescriptions for the listed antibiotics during this time period, the patient is eligible for denominator inclusion.

Denominator Criteria (Eligible Cases):

Patients aged 3 months to 18 years on date of encounter


Diagnosis for URI (ICD-10-CM): J00, J06.0, J06.9


Patient encounter during the performance period (CPT or HCPCS): 99201, 99202, 99203, 99204, 99205, 99212, 99213, 99214, 99215, 99217, 99218, 99219, 99220, 99281, 99282, 99283, 99284, 99285, G0402



Patient prescribed or dispensed antibiotic for documented medical reason(s) within three days after the initial diagnosis of URI (e.g., intestinal infection, pertussis, bacterial infection, Lyme disease, otitis media, acute sinusitis, acute pharyngitis, acute tonsillitis, chronic sinusitis, infection of the pharynx/larynx/tonsils/adenoids, prostatitis, cellulitis, mastoiditis, or bone infections, acute lymphadenitis, impetigo, skin staph infections, pneumonia/gonococcal infections, venereal disease (syphilis, chlamydia, inflammatory diseases [female reproductive organs]), infections of the kidney, cystitis or UTI, and acne: G8709


Children who are taking antibiotics in the 30 days prior to the date of the encounter during which the diagnosis was established: G9701


Patients who use hospice services any time during the measurement period: G9700


Children without a prescription for antibiotic medication on or 3 days after the outpatient or ED visit for an upper respiratory infection

Numerator Instructions:

For performance, the measure will be calculated as the number of patient’s encounter(s) where antibiotics were neither prescribed nor dispensed on or within three days of the episode for URI over the total number of encounters in the denominator (patients aged 3 months to 18 years with an outpatient or ED visit for URI. A higher score indicates appropriate treatment of patients with URI (e.g., the proportion for whom antibiotics were not prescribed or dispensed following the episode).

Table 1 – Antibiotic Medications

Description Prescription
  • Amoxicillin
  • Ampicillin
Beta-lactamase inhibitors
  • Amoxicillin-clavulanate
First generation cephalosporins
  • Cefadroxi
  • Cefazolin
  • Cephalexin
Folate antagonist
  • Trimethoprim
Lincomycin derivatives
  • Clindamycin
  • Azithromycin
  • Clarithromycin
  • Erythromycin
  • Erythromycin ethylsuccinate
  • Erythromycin lactobionate
  • Erythromycin stearate
Miscellaneous antibiotics
  • Erythromycin-sulfisoxazole
Natural penicillins
  • Penicillin G potassium
  • Penicillin G sodium
  • Penicillin V potassium
Penicillinase-resistant penicillins
  • Dicloxacillin
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Levofloxacin
  • Moxifloxacin
  • Ofloxacin
Second generation cephalosporins
  • Cefaclor
  • Cefprozil
  • Cefuroxime
  •  Sulfamethoxazole- trimethoprim
  • Doxycycline
  • Minocycline
  • Tetracycline
Third generation cephalosporins
  • Cefdinir
  • Cefixime
  • Cefpodoxime
  • Ceftibuten
  • Cefditoren
  • Ceftriaxone

Numerator Options:

Performance Met: Patient not prescribed or dispensed antibiotic (G8708)


Performance Not Met: Patient prescribed or dispensed antibiotic (G8710)


Allergy/Immunology, CMS-Family-Medicine-2019, CMS-Otolaryngology-2019, CMS-Pediatrics-2019, CMS-Urgent-Care-2019, Emergency Medicine, ENT/Otolaryngology, General Practice/Family Medicine, Hospitalists, Infectious Disease, Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, Pulmonary Medicine, Quality-2019, Sleep Medicine