2022 Measure # 066 Appropriate Testing for Pharyngitis

Measure Type High Priority Measure? Collection Type(s)
Process yes eCQM, MIPS CQM

Measure Description

The percentage of episodes for patients 3 years and older with a diagnosis of pharyngitis that resulted in an antibiotic dispensing event and a group A streptococcus (strep) test

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This measure is to be submitted once for each occurrence of pharyngitis during the performance period. Claims data will be analyzed to determine unique occurrences. This measure is intended to reflect the quality of services provided for the primary management of patients with pharyngitis who were dispensed an antibiotic. This measure may be submitted by Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) eligible clinicians who perform the quality actions described in the measure based on the services provided and the measure-specific denominator coding.

NOTE: Patient encounters for this measure conducted via telehealth (e.g., encounters coded with GQ, GT, 95, or POS 02 modifiers) are allowable.

Measure Submission Type:

Measure data may be submitted by individual MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third party intermediaries. The listed denominator criteria are used to identify the intended patient population. The numerator options included in this specification are used to submit the quality actions as allowed by the measure. The quality-data codes listed do not need to be submitted by MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third party intermediaries that utilize this modality for submissions; however, these codes may be submitted for those third party intermediaries that utilize Medicare Part B claims data. For more information regarding Application Programming Interface (API), please refer to the Quality Payment Program (QPP) website.


Outpatient, telephone, online assessment (i.e. e-visit or virtual check-in), observation, or emergency department (ED) visits with a diagnosis of pharyngitis and an antibiotic dispensing event on or within 3 days after the episode date among patients 3 years or older.

Denominator Instructions:
This is an episode of care measure that examines all eligible episodes for the patient during the measurement period. If a patient has more than one eligible episode in a 31-day period, include only the first eligible episode.

DENOMINATOR NOTE: *Signifies that this CPT Category I code is a non-covered service under the Medicare Part B Physician Fee Schedule (PFS). These non-covered services should be counted in the denominator population for MIPS CQMs.

Denominator Criteria (Eligible Cases):

Patients 3 years of age or older on date of encounter


Diagnosis for pharyngitis (ICD-10-CM): J02.0, J02.8, J02.9, J03.00, J03.01, J03.80, J03.81, J03.90, J03.91


Patient encounter during the performance period (CPT or HCPCS): 98966, 98967, 98968, 99202, 99203, 99204, 99205, 99212, 99213, 99214, 99215, 99217, 99218, 99219, 99220, 99241*, 99242*, 99243*,99244*, 99245*, 99281, 99282, 99283, 99284, 99285, 99341, 99342, 99343, 99344, 99345, 99347, 99348, 99349, 99350, 99381*, 99382*, 99383*, 99384*, 99385*, 99386*, 99387*, 99391*, 99392*, 99393*, 99394*, 99395*,99396*, 99397*


Prescribed or dispensed antibiotic on or within 3 days after the episode date (Table 1): G8711



Episodes where the patient is taking antibiotics (Table 1) in the 30 days prior to the episode date, or had an active prescription on the episode date.: G9703


Episodes where the patient had a comorbid condition during the 12 months prior to or on the episode date (e.g., tuberculosis, neutropenia, cystic fibrosis, chronic bronchitis, pulmonary edema, respiratory failure, rheumatoid lung disease): G2175


Episodes where the patient had a competing diagnosis on or within three days after the episode date (e.g., intestinal infection, pertussis, bacterial infection, Lyme disease, otitis media, acute sinusitis, chronic sinusitis, infection of the adenoids, prostatitis, cellulitis, mastoiditis, or bone infections, acute lymphadenitis, impetigo, skin staph infections, pneumonia/gonococcal infections, venereal disease (syphilis, chlamydia, inflammatory diseases [female reproductive organs]), infections of the kidney, cystitis or UTI): G2097


Patients who use hospice services any time during the measurement period: G9702

Table 1 – Antibiotic Medications

Description Prescription
Aminopenicillins Amoxicillin
Beta-lactamase inhibitors Amoxicillin-clavulanate
First generation cephalosporins Cefadroxil
Folate antagonist Trimethoprim
Lincomycin derivatives Clindamycin
Macrolides Azithromycin
Erythromycin ethylsuccinate
Erythromycin lactobionate
Erythromycin stearate
Natural penicillins Penicillin G potassium
Penicillin V potassium
Penicillin G sodium
Pencicillin G benzathine
Penicillinase-resistant penicillins Dicloxacillin
Quinolones Ciprofloxacin
Second generation cephalosporins Cefaclor
Sulfonamides Sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim
Tetracyclines Doxycycline
Third generation cephalosporins Cefdinir



A group A streptococcus test in the seven-day period from three days prior to the episode date through three days after the episode date

Numerator Instructions:
A higher score indicates appropriate treatment of children with pharyngitis (e.g., the proportion for whom antibiotics were prescribed with an accompanying step test).

Numerator Options:

Performance Met:

Group A Strep Test Performed (3210F)


Performance Not Met:

Group A Strep Test not Performed, reason not otherwise specified (3210F with 8P)


CMS-Emergency-Medicine-2022, CMS-Family-Medicine-2022, CMS-Pediatrics-2022, CMS-Urgent-Care-2022, Emergency Medicine-2022, ENT/Otolaryngology-2022, General Practice/Family Medicine-2022, Hospitalists-2022, Internal Medicine-2022, Pediatrics-2022, Pulmonary Medicine-2022, Quality-2022, Telehealth-2022