CMS Measure ID: #47
Collection Type: CQM
Reporting Frequency: Once per patient per year
High Priority: Yes
NQS Domain: Communication and Care Coordination
Measure Age: > 2 years
This measure is to be submitted a minimum of once per performance period for patients seen during the performance period. There is no diagnosis associated with this measure. This measure may be submitted by Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) eligible clinicians who perform the quality actions described in the measure based on the services provided and the measure-specific denominator coding.
NOTE: This measure is appropriate for use in all healthcare settings (e.g., inpatient, nursing home, ambulatory) except the emergency department. For each of these settings, there should be documentation in the medical record(s) that advance care planning was discussed or documented.
NOTE: Patient encounters for this measure conducted via telehealth (e.g., encounters coded with GQ, GT, 95, or POS 02 modifiers) are allowable.
Measure Submission Type:
The listed denominator criteria are used to identify the intended patient population. The numerator options included in this specification are used to submit the quality actions as allowed by the measure. The quality-data codes listed do not need to be submitted for registry-based submissions; however, these codes may be submitted for those registries that utilize claims data.
Percentage of patients aged 65 years and older who have an advance care plan or surrogate decision maker documented in the medical record or documentation in the medical record that an advance care plan was discussed but the patient did not wish or was not able to name a surrogate decision maker or provide an advance care plan
2023 Benchmarks (from 2021 CMS data)
Topped out: No
Capped at 7: No
Decile 0: 0 – 0.12
Decile 1: 0.13 – 5.39
Minimum: 5.4 – 34.05
Decile 3: 34.06 – 60.45
Decile 4: 60.46 – 79.05
Decile 5: 79.06 – 90.85
Decile 6: 90.86 – 96.77
Decile 7: 96.78 – 99.09
Decile 8: 99.1 – 99.9
Decile 9: 99.91 – 99.99
Decile 10: 100 – 100
All patients aged 65 years and older
DENOMINATOR NOTE: Eligible clinicians indicating the Place of Service as the emergency department will not be included in this measure.
Denominator Criteria (Eligible Cases):
Patients aged ≥ 65 years on date of encounter
Patient encounter during the performance period (CPT or HCPCS): 90791, 90832, 90834, 90837, 90845, 90846, 90847, 99202, 99203, 99204, 99205, 99212, 99213, 99214, 99215, 99221, 99222, 99223, 99231, 99232, 99233, 99234, 99235, 99236, 99291, 99304, 99305, 99306, 99307, 99308, 99309, 99310, 99341, 99342, 99344, 99345, 99347, 99348, 99349, 99350, G0402, G0438, G0439
Place of Service (POS): 23
Hospice services received by patient any time during the measurement period: G9692
Patients who have an advance care plan or surrogate decision maker documented in the medical record or documentation in the medical record that an advance care plan was discussed but patient did not wish or was not able to name a surrogate decision maker or provide an advance care plan
If patient’s cultural and/or spiritual beliefs preclude a discussion of advance care planning, submit 1124F.
NUMERATOR NOTE: The CPT Category II codes used for this measure indicate: Advance Care Planning was discussed and documented. The act of using the Category II codes on a claim indicates the provider confirmed that the Advance Care Plan was in the medical record (that is, at the point in time the code was assigned, the Advance Care Plan in the medical record was valid) or that advance care planning was discussed. The codes are required annually to ensure that the provider either confirms annually that the plan in the medical record is still appropriate or starts a new discussion.
The provider does not need to review the Advance Care Plan annually with the patient to meet the numerator criteria; documentation of a previously developed advanced care plan that is still valid in the medical record meets numerator criteria.
Services typically provided under CPT codes 99497 and 99498 satisfy the requirement of Advance Care Planning discussed and documented, minutes. If a patient received these types of services, submit CPT II 1123F or 1124F.
Documentation that Patient did not Wish or was not able to Name a Surrogate Decision Maker or Provide an Advance Care Plan – May also include, as appropriate, the following:
- That the patient’s cultural and/or spiritual beliefs preclude a discussion of advance care planning, as it would be viewed as harmful to the patient’s beliefs and thus harmful to the physician-patient relationship.
Advance Care Planning discussed and documented; advance care plan or surrogate decision maker documented in the medical record (1123F)
Advance Care Planning discussed and documented in the medical record; patient did not wish or was not able to name a surrogate decision maker or provide an advance care plan (1124F)
Performance Not Met:
Advance care planning not documented, reason not otherwise specified (1123F with 8P)