2023 # 277 Sleep Apnea: Severity Assessment at Initial Diagnosis

CMS Measure ID: #277

Collection Type: CQM

Reporting Frequency: Once per patient per year

Outcome: No

High Priority: No

NQS Domain: Effective Clinical Care

Measure Age: > 2 years

Instructions

This measure is to be submitted a minimum of once per performance period for patients with a diagnosis of sleep apnea seen during the performance period. This measure may be submitted by Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) eligible clinicians who perform the quality actions described in the measure based on the services provided and the measure-specific denominator coding.

NOTE: Patient encounters for this measure conducted via telehealth (e.g., encounters coded with GQ, GT, 95, or POS 02 modifiers) are allowable.

Measure Submission Type:

The listed denominator criteria are used to identify the intended patient population. The numerator options included in this specification are used to submit the quality actions as allowed by the measure. The quality-data codes listed do not need to be submitted for registry-based submissions; however, these codes may be submitted for those registries that utilize claims data.

Description

Percentage of patients aged 18 years and older with a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea who had an apnea hypopnea index (AHI), a respiratory disturbance index (RDI), or a respiratory event index (REI) documented or measured within 2 months of initial evaluation for suspected obstructive sleep apnea

2022 Benchmarks (from 2020 CMS data)

Registry

Topped out: No
Capped at 7: No

Minimum: 0 – 24.13
Decile 3: 24.14 – 40.33
Decile 4: 40.34 – 56.46
Decile 5: 56.47 – 77.77
Decile 6: 77.78 – 93.87
Decile 7: 93.88 – 99.99
Decile 10: 100 – 100

Denominator

All patients aged 18 years and older with an initial diagnosis of sleep apnea 

DENOMINATOR NOTE: Denominator eligible encounters only include those where the initial diagnosis of sleep apnea is present in the medical documentation or it is the MIPS eligible clinician’s first encounter with a patient diagnosed with sleep apnea as represented in the coding below.

Denominator Criteria (Eligible Cases):
Patients aged ≥ 18 years on date of encounter 

AND

Diagnosis for sleep apnea (ICD-10-CM): G47.30, G47.33

AND

Patient encounter during the performance period (CPT): 99202, 99203, 99204, 99205, 99211, 99212, 99213, 99214, 99215, 99304, 99305, 99306, 99307, 99308, 99309, 99310, 99341, 99342, 99344, 99345, 99347, 99348, 99349, 99350

AND

Encounter corresponds to initial diagnosis of sleep apnea or first contact with sleep apnea diagnosed patient

Numerator

Patients who had an apnea hypopnea index (AHI), a respiratory disturbance index (RDI), or a respiratory event index (REI) documented or measured within 2 months of initial evaluation for suspected obstructive sleep apnea

Definitions:

Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI) for polysomnography performed in a sleep lab is defined as (Total Apneas + Hypopneas per hour of sleep); Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI) for a home sleep study is defined as (Total Apneas + Hypopneas per hour of monitoring).

Respiratory Disturbance Index (RDI) – is defined as (Total Apneas + Hypopneas + Respiratory Effort Related Arousals per hour of sleep).

Respiratory Event Index (REI) is a measure of respiratory events per unit of time for a home sleep apnea test.

NUMERATOR NOTE: The quality-data codes below should be used for assessment of a MIPS eligible clinician’s actions within 2 months of the initial evaluation for obstructive sleep apnea.

Numerator Options:

Performance Met:

Apnea hypopnea index (AHI), respiratory disturbance index (RDI) or respiratory event index (REI) documented or measured within 2 months of initial evaluation for suspected obstructive sleep apnea (G8842)

OR

Denominator Exception:

Documentation of reason(s) for not measuring an apnea hypopnea index (AHI), a respiratory disturbance index (RDI), or a respiratory event index (REI) within 2 months of initial evaluation for suspected obstructive sleep apnea (e.g., medical, neurological, or psychiatric disease that prohibits successful completion of a sleep study, patients forwhom a sleep study would present a bigger risk than benefit or would pose an undue burden, dementia, patients who decline AHI/RDI/REI measurement, patients who had a financial reason for not completing testing, test was ordered but not completed, patients decline because their insurance (payer) does not cover the expense)  (G8843)

OR

Performance Not Met:

Apnea hypopnea index (AHI), respiratory disturbance index (RDI), or respiratory event index (REI) not documented or measured within 2 months of initial evaluation for suspected obstructive sleep apnea, reason not given (G8844)


Tags

CQM-2023