2023 # 282 Dementia: Functional Status Assessment

CMS Measure ID: #282

Collection Type: CQM, MVP

Reporting Frequency: Once per patient per year

Outcome: No

High Priority: No

NQS Domain: Effective Clinical Care

Measure Age: > 2 years

Instructions

This measure is to be submitted a minimum of once per performance period for patients with a diagnosis of dementia seen during the performance period. This measure may be submitted by Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) eligible clinicians who perform the quality actions described in the measure based on the services provided and the measure-specific denominator coding.

NOTE: Patient encounters for this measure conducted via telehealth (e.g., encounters coded with GQ, GT, 95, or POS 02 modifiers) are allowable

Measure Submission Type:

The listed denominator criteria are used to identify the intended patient population. The numerator options included in this specification are used to submit the quality actions as allowed by the measure. The quality-data codes listed do not need to be submitted for registry submissions; however, these codes may be submitted for those registries that utilize claims data.

Description

Percentage of patients with dementia for whom an assessment of functional status was performed at least once in the last 12 months.

2022 Benchmarks (from 2020 CMS data)

Registry

Topped out: Yes
Capped at 7: No

Minimum: 0 – 84.01
Decile 3: 84.02 – 98.27
Decile 4: 98.28 – 99.99
Decile 10: 100 – 100

Denominator

All patients with a diagnosis of dementia

DENOMINATOR NOTE: *Signifies that this CPT Category I code is a non-covered service under the Medicare Part B Physician Fee Schedule (PFS). These non-covered services should be counted in the denominator population for MIPS CQMs.

Denominator Criteria (Eligible Cases):

All patients regardless of age

AND

Diagnosis for dementia (ICD-10-CM): A52.17, A81.00, A81.01, A81.89, F01.50, F01.51, F01.511, F01.518, F01.52, F01.53, F01.54, F01.A0, F01.A11, F01.A18, F01.A2, F01.A3, F01.A4, F01.B0, F01.B11, F01.B18, F01.B2, F01.B3, F01.B4, F01.C0, F01.C11, F01.C18, F01.C2, F01.C3, F01.C4, F02.80, F02.81, F02.811, F02.818, F02.82, F02.83, F02.84, F02.A0, F02.A11, F02.A18, F02.A2, F02.A3, F02.A4, F02.B0, F02.B11, F02.B18, F02.B2, F02.B3, F02.B4, F02.C0, F02.C11, F02.C18, F02.C2, F02.C3, F02.C4, F03.90, F03.91, F03.911, F03.918, F03.92, F03.93, F03.94, F03.A0, F03.A11, F03.A18, F03.A2, F03.A3, F03.A4, F03.B0, F03.B11, F03.B18, F03.B2, F03.B3, F03.B4, F03.C0, F03.C11, F03.C18, F03.C2, F03.C3, F03.C4, F05, F10.27, G30.0, G30.1, G30.8, G30.9, G31.01, G31.09, G31.83, G31.85, G31.89, G94

AND

Patient encounter during the performance period (CPT): 90791, 90792, 90832, 90834, 90837, 96116, 96130, 96132, 96136, 96138, 96146, 96156, 96158, 96164, 96167, 96170*, 97161, 97162, 97163, 97164, 97165, 97166, 97167, 97168, 99202, 99203, 99204, 99205, 99211, 99212, 99213, 99214, 99215, 99221, 99222, 99223, 99231, 99232, 99233, 99238, 99239, 99242*, 99243*, 99244*, 99245*, 99252*, 99253*, 99254*, 99255*, 99304, 99305, 99306, 99307, 99308, 99309, 99310, 99341, 99342, 99344, 99345, 99347, 99348, 99349, 99350, 99424, 99426, 99487, 99490, 99491, 99497

 

Numerator

Patients for whom an assessment of functional status was performed at least once in the last 12 months.

Definition:
Assessment of functional status – Functional status is assessed by use of a validated tool, direct assessment of the patient, or by querying a knowledgeable informant. A direct assessment of functional status includes an evaluation of the patient’s ability to perform instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and basic activities of daily living (ADL).

Numerator Instructions:

To meet this measure providers must assess BOTH IADL and ADL performance.

  1. IADL Assessment (users must meet one of the two below bullets to meet IADL assessment component)

  • To meet the measure’s IADL component using a validated tool, providers must use one of the following tools:

    • Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale

    • Bristol Activities of Daily Living Scale

    • Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living

    • Functional Activities Questionnaire

    • Functional Independence Measure Instrument

  • To meet the measure’s IADL component using a direct assessment, providers must document 3 out of the following 5 domains.

    • Cleaning or hobbies,

    • Money management,

    • Medication management,

    • Transportation, and

    • Cooking or communication

2. ADL Assessment (users must meet one of the two below bullets to meet ADL assessment component)

  • To meet the measure’s ADL component using a validated tool, providers must use either:

    • Barthel ADL Index

    • Bristol Activities of Daily Living Scale

  • To meet the measure’s ADL component using a direct assessment, providers must document 3 out of the following 7 domains.

    • Grooming,

    • Bathing,

    • Dressing,

    • Eating,

    • Toileting,

    • Gait, and

    • Transferring.

NUMERATOR NOTE: The 12 month look back period is defined as 12 months from the date of the denominator eligible encounter. Denominator Exception(s) are determined on the date of the denominator eligible encounter. Documentation of advanced stage dementia and caregiver knowledge is limited would meet the measure exception criteria.

Numerator Options:

Performance Met:

Functional status performed once in the last 12 months (G9916)

OR

Denominator Exception:

Documentation of advanced stage dementia and caregiver knowledge is limited (G9917)

OR

Performance Not Met:

Functional status not performed, reason not otherwise specified (G9918)


Tags

CQM-2023, CQM-MVP-2023, MVP-2023