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2024 MIPS Measure #464: Otitis Media with Effusion: Systemic Antimicrobials – Avoidance of Inappropriate Use



MIPS Clinical Quality Measures (CQMS)

‌MEASURE TYPE: Process – High Priority


Percentage of patients aged 2 months through 12 years with a diagnosis of OME who were not prescribed systemic antimicrobials.


This measure is to be submitted once for each occurrence of otitis media with effusion (OME) in children seen during the performance period. Each unique occurrence is defined as a 90 day period from onset of OME. If multiple occurrences are documented within a 90 day period, Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) eligible clinicians should submit one instance.

NOTE: Patient encounters for this measure conducted via telehealth (including but not limited to encounters coded with GQ, GT, 95, POS 02, POS 10) are allowable.

‌Measure Submission Type

Measure data may be submitted by individual MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third-party intermediaries. The listed denominator criteria are used to identify the intended patient population. The numerator options included in this specification are used to submit the quality actions as allowed by the measure. The quality data codes listed do not need to be submitted by MIPS eligible clinicians, groups, or third-party intermediaries that utilize this modality for submissions; however, these codes may be submitted for those third-party intermediaries that utilize Medicare Part B claims data. For more information regarding Application Programming Interface (API), please refer to the Quality Payment Program (QPP) website.


All patients aged 2 months through 12 years with a diagnosis of OME

DENOMINATOR NOTE: *Signifies that this CPT Category I code is a non-covered service under the Medicare Part B Physician Fee Schedule (PFS). These non-covered services should be counted in the denominator population for MIPS CQMs.

Denominator Criteria (Eligible Cases):

Patients aged 2 months through 12 years on the date of the encounter


Diagnosis for OME (ICD-10-CM): H65.90, H65.91, H65.92, H65.93, H65.111, H65.112, H65.113, H65.114, H65.115, H65.116, H65.117, H65.119, H65.191, H65.192, H65.193, H65.194, H65.195, H65.196, H65.197, H65.199, H65.411, H65.412, H65.413, H65.419, H65.491, H65.492, H65.493, H65.499


Patient encounter during the performance period (CPT): 99202, 99203, 99204, 99205, 99212, 99213, 99214, 99215, 99242*, 99243*, 99244*, 99245*, 99381*, 99382*, 99383*, 99384*, 99391*, 99392*, 99393*, 99394* 


Patients who were not prescribed systemic antimicrobials

Numerator Instructions:

For performance, the measure will be calculated as the number of patients for whom systemic antimicrobials were neither prescribed nor recommended over the number of patients in the denominator (patients aged 2 months through 12 years with a diagnosis of OME). A higher score indicates appropriate treatment of patients with OME (e.g., the proportion for whom systemic antimicrobials were not prescribed).

Numerator Options:

Performance Met: Systemic antimicrobials not prescribed (G9959)


Denominator Exception: Documentation of medical reason(s) for prescribing systemic antimicrobials (G9960)


Performance Not Met: Systemic antimicrobials prescribed (G9961)

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