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MVP: Quality Care in Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders

Most applicable medical specialty: Mental health, Behavioral health, psychiatry

The Quality Care in Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders MVP focuses on the clinical theme of promoting prevention of and quality care in behavioral health, including mental health and substance use disorders (SUD).


To fulfill quality requirements:

  1. You must select 4 quality measures from the list below
    (exception for clinicians in a small practice – see # 3 below)
  2. At least 1 measure must be an outcome measure
    • If no outcome measures are available, you may report a high priority measure.
  3. If you are part of a small practice (i.e., 15 or fewer clinicians) reporting quality measures through Medicare Part B claims, you don’t need to report additional measures beyond the Medicare Part B claims measures available in this MVP. Reporting all of the Medicare Part B claims measures in this MVP will fulfill your quality reporting requirements.
  4. You must collect data for each measure for the 12-month performance period of the associated performance year (e.g., January 1, 2024- December 31, 2024).

    TIP: For small practices (participating at the individual, group or subgroup level) reporting Medicare Part B claims measures: To meet data completeness requirements, you’ll need to start reporting the Medicare Part B claims measures in your selected MVP in January 2024, prior to the MVP registration period.

    TIP: Make sure that you select measures that are appropriate to your patient population. Measures that don’t meet case minimum or data completeness criteria will earn zero points.
009Anti-Depressant Medication ManagementDetails
134Preventive Care and Screening: Screening for Depression and Follow-Up Plan
305Initiation and Engagement of Substance Use Disorder Treatment
336Follow-Up Care for Children Prescribed ADHD Medication (ADD)Details
370Depression Remission at Twelve MonthsDetails
382Child and Adolescent Major Depressive Disorder (MDD): Suicide Risk AssessmentDetails
383Adherence to Antipsychotic Medications For Individuals with SchizophreniaDetails
468Continuity of Pharmacotherapy for Opioid Use Disorder (OUD)Details
487Screening for Social Drivers of HealthDetails
502Improvement or Maintenance of Functioning for Individuals with a Mental and/or Substance Use DisorderDetails
504Initiation, Review, And/Or Update To Suicide Safety Plan For Individuals With Suicidal Thoughts, Behavior, Or Suicide RiskDetails
505Reduction in Suicidal Ideation or Behavior SymptomsDetails
MBHR2Anxiety Response at 6-monthsDetails
MBHR7Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Outcome Assessment for Adults and ChildrenDetails

Improvement Activities

You must report 1 of the following 3 options:

1. Two medium weighted improvement activities from the list below, or

2. One high weighted improvement activity from the list below, or

3. The IA_PCMH activity (participation in a certified or recognized patient-centered medical home
or a comparable specialty practice).

IA_AHE_1Enhance Engagement of Medicaid and Other Underserved Populations
IA_AHE_12Practice Improvements that Engage Community Resources to Address Drivers of Health
IA_AHE_3Promote Use of Patient-Reported Outcome Tools
IA_AHE_5MIPS Eligible Clinician Leadership in Clinical Trials or CBPR
IA_AHE_9Implement Food Insecurity and Nutrition Risk Identification and Treatment Protocols
IA_BE_12Use evidence-based decision aids to support shared decision-making.
IA_BE_16Promote Self-management in Usual Care
IA_BE_23Integration of patient coaching practices between visits
IA_BMH_14Behavioral/Mental Health and Substance Use Screening & Referral for Pregnant and Postpartum Women
IA_BMH_15Behavioral/Mental Health and Substance Use Screening & Referral for Older Adults
IA_BMH_2Tobacco use
IA_BMH_5MDD prevention and treatment interventions
IA_BMH_7Implementation of Integrated Patient Centered Behavioral Health Model
IA_EPA_2Use of telehealth services that expand practice access
IA_MVPPractice-Wide Quality Improvement in MIPS Value Pathways
IA_PCMHElectronic submission of Patient Centered Medical Home accreditation
IA_PM_6Use of Toolsets or Other Resources to Close Health and Health Care Inequities Across Communities (Use of toolset or other resources to close healthcare disparities across communities)
IA_PSPA_32Use of CDC Guideline for Clinical Decision Support to Prescribe Opioids for Chronic Pain via Clinical Decision Support


Important information to consider:

  1. You don’t have to submit any data for this performance category. We’ll use Medicare claims data to
    calculate your cost measure performance.

    (You don’t select cost measures during MVP registration. CMS will calculate your performance
    on all the cost measures included in the MVP based on available Medicare claims data.)
  2. You’ll only be scored on the cost measures in this MVP for which you meet or exceed the established
    case minimum.
COST_PRC_1Psychoses and Related ConditionsDetails
MSPB_1Medicare Spending Per Beneficiary (MSPB) ClinicianDetails

Foundational Layer – Promoting Interoperability

To fulfill Promoting Interoperability requirements:

  1. Submit the required Promoting Interoperability measures (the same as under traditional MIPS) listed below. Bonus points are available for reporting measures that aren’t required.
    • If you’re reporting as a subgroup, you’ll submit your affiliated group’s data for the Promoting Interoperability performance category.
  2. Review if you qualify for automatic reweighting of the Promoting Interoperability performance category based on your clinician type, special status, or an approved Promoting Interoperability Performance Category Hardship Exception Application.

Clinician Types for Automatic Reweighting:

  • Clinical social worker

Special Status for Automatic Reweighting:

  • Ambulatory Surgical Center (ASC)-based
  • Hospital-based
  • Non-patient facing
  • Small practice

Promoting Interoperability Performance Category Hardship Exception Qualifications:

  • Decertified EHR technology
  • Insufficient internet connectivity
  • Experience extreme and uncontrollable circumstances (e.g., disaster, practice closure, severe financial distress, vendor issues)
  • Lack control over availability of CEHRT (Certified Electronic Health Record Technology)

Note: Promoting Interoperability requirements are the same in MVPs as they are in traditional MIPS. Learn more about Promoting Interoperability requirements.

PI_EP_2Query of the Prescription Drug
Monitoring Program (PDMP)
PI_HEI_1Support Electronic Referral Loops By Sending Health Information
PI_HEI_4Support Electronic Referral Loops By Receiving and Reconciling Health Information
PI_HEI_5Health Information Exchange (HIE)
Bi-Directional Exchange
PI_HEI_6Enabling Exchange Under TEFCA
PI_PEA_1Provide Patients Electronic Access to
Their Health Information
PI_PHCDRR_1Immunization Registry Reporting
PI_PHCDRR_2Syndromic Surveillance Reporting
PI_PHCDRR_3Electronic Case Reporting
PI_PHCDRR_4Public Health Registry Reporting
PI_PHCDRR_5Clinical Data Registry Reporting
PI_PPHI_1Security Risk Analysis
PI_PPHI_2High Priority Practices Guide of the Safety Assurance Factors for EHR Resilience (SAFER) Guides
PI_INFBLO_1Actions to Limit or Restrict the
Compatibility of CEHRT
 PI_LVITC_2Support Electronic Referral Loops By Receiving and Reconciling Health Information Exclusion
PI_LVOTC_1Support Electronic Referral Loops By Sending Health Information Exclusion
 PI_LVPP_1e-Prescribing Exclusion
PI_ONCACB_1ONC-ACB Surveillance Attestation
PI_ONCDIR_1ONC Direct Review  Attestation

Foundational Layer – Population Health

You must select 1 population health measure at the time of MVP registration.

  • You don’t have to submit any data for this measure, CMS will calculate the population health measures for you using administrative claims data.
  • This measure will be excluded from scoring if the measure doesn’t have a benchmark or meet the case minimum.
  • Population health isn’t a new performance category. The population health measure you select during MVP registration will be scored as part of the quality performance category provided you meet the case minimum.
  • Subgroups will be evaluated at the affiliated group level.
Hospital-Wide, 30-Day, All-Cause Unplanned Readmission (HWR) Rate for the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) Groups
484 Clinician and Clinician Group Risk-standardized Hospital Admission Rates for Patients with Multiple Chronic ConditionsDetails

Begin your MVP journey today